Aristotle is something of a pragmatic thinker and so he admits that while wealth will never bring you true happiness, one still has to eat. Aristotle proclaims, “Happiness, then, is something final and self-sufficient, and is the end of action (Aristotle 129). © 2020 Classical Wisdom Limited. Our ability to learn and our penchant for wisdom make us divine in our own rights; and it is only though the expression of our supreme element that we may truly be happy. In the article “Nature of Virtue” written by Aristotle, his theory of a persons happiness and good morals is explained. We may pursue wisdom for our own pleasure and we require nobody else to have this virtue realized. Bust of Aristotle. This is unsurprising since many are corrupted by evils and selfish desires. Happiness in general terms is a belief, an idea and a theory. That’s is why one’s happiness is also depending on what friends we have… Comment by Pieter J De Kooker on July 19, 2020 at 3:59 pm, Cyrenaic Hedonism: A Life in Pursuit of Pleasure, Valentine's Day Advice from Aristotle: Love Yourself. So we have seen that pleasure is the natural end of an activity. Finding the appropriate pleasure for our lives means arriving at a happy life, which Aristotle believed was synonymous with a good life. Aristotle then tells us that life is an activity and, as is true with all activities, pleasure should be the natural end for life. For Aristotle, acquiring happiness is the same thing as “living the good life.” Okay then, fine, whatever…Now you may be asking yourself, “what is the good … One of Aristotle's best-known works is "Nicomachean Ethics." Happiness cannot be achieved until the end of one's life. Man is characterized by reason and be happy when you live according to it, i.e., when engaged in intellectual activities. Instead, he asserts that pleasure is an activity, something that we do. That’s very true because everybody has a need to be good with something. Finally, after so much consideration, we receive our answer, friends. Aristotle asserts that goods are ends of actions. Aristotle says that the eudaimon life is one of "virtuous activity in accordance with reason" [1097b22–1098a20]; even Epicurus, who argues that the eudaimon life is the life of pleasure, maintains that the life of pleasure coincides with the life of virtue. Another youthful work, the Protrepticus (“Exhortation”), has been reconstructed by modern scholars from quotations in various works from late antiquity. They just need to find that sweet spot and settle into it comfortably. The activity of study aims at no thing beyond itself and is pleasurable by its very nature. Plato offers many theories and definitions of justice leading to happiness, while Aristotle argues that happiness is the main goal that all humans aim for in their entire life. Aristotle – Happiness Happiness Aristotle – Happiness Essay, Research Paper Happiness is the Greatest Good In Aristotle s essay, he focuses particularly on how reason, our rational capacity, should help us recognize and pursue what will lead to happiness and the good life. A being is happy when it acts according to its nature, achieving the highest perfection about it. According to Aristotle, the lover of music can even find pleasure playing the flute on the back of a dolphin! – Aristotle. Red-figure stamnos, 360–340 BC. If we were to continue on this line of questioning about why I write, you could ask why I want a cozy apartment or the respect of my employers. This is the final goal and purpose of human existence. This ideal human would find pleasure in that which is most perfect. Happiness is desirable in itself and requires no external goods in order to be appreciated. Whatever pleasures are enjoyed by this most excellent person will be the truest and most excellent of all pleasures. But this, rather obviously, leads us to another question: What is the appropriate pleasure? A just person, although very admirable, still needs other people to receive his just actions. Aristotle points out that happiness is the ultimate end of human beings; and, it is complete and self-sufficient. For Aristotle the term eudaimonia, which is translated as 'happiness' or 'flourishing' is an activity rather than an emotion or a state. Aristotle and happiness contend that good, moral statesmen always took the happiness and welfare … Both philosophers agree that happiness is an important factor in one’s life and essentially the essence of how to live a good life. This life, then, will also be happiest.” -Aristotle (Nicomachean Ethics). For Aristotle, Eudaimonia is an activity, not a state of mind. Aristotle was speaking of lasting happiness, that which does not dissipate easily with time. The self-sufficiency of happiness makes that life is desirable when isolated and as the most desirable thing that can be achieved. Then we arrive at wisdom, which requires nothing external to be realized. The good life is therefore the rational activity of the soul, as guided by the virtues. Aristotle concludes the Ethics with a discussion of the highest form of happiness: a life of intellectual contemplation. “Happiness is activity.” – Aristotle. Aristotle considers wisdom to be, in some ways, divine, for it is believed that the gods are happiest of all. Finding the appropriate pleasure for our lives means arriving at a happy life, which Aristotle believed was synonymous with a good life. Happiness results when one completes or serves one’s function in society, and … Still, if you are going to sob, it will be much more comfortable while sitting in a Mercedes Benz rather than on a public bus.”. 29. It was once believed that all you really needed to know about Western philosophy could be found within the pages of Plato’s. Pleasure is undeniably the motivation behind many actions, but it puts humans on the level of animals. The School of Athens by Raphael (1509–1510), fresco at the Apostolic Palace, Vatican City. Expressing virtue is the most excellent of activities and so it would be loved most of all by this excellent person. Aristotle and the bust of Homer by Rembrant, Tags: Aristotle, Happiness, Money, Nicomachean Ethics, Philosophy. Before we go on (and we undoubtedly will), we must address some common misunderstandings. © 2020 Classical Wisdom Limited. A shipbuilder, insofar as he is a shipbuilder, will inevitably find pleasure in building ships. 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