Pull plants early in the season to prior to seed formation. (2003), designates myrtle spurge as a Class A Noxious Weed that must be eradicated. If you take a walk through the Salt Lake City neighborhoods and hills around our State Capitol, you may see well-groomed gardens boasting a scaly, almost reptilian-looking plant. Myrtle Spurge (Euphorbia myrsinites) What it is. In fact, the Royal Horticultural Society has given this species its Award of Garden Merit. Olympia, WA 98504-2560. Euphorbia myrsinites, sometimes commonly called myrtle euphorbia or donkeytail spurge, is an evergreen perennial which typically grows 4-8" tall on ascending to trailing stems rising at the tips. After they heal, they can leave scars. Several western states are attempting to eradicate it, but unless they try agent orange or DDT they haven't a prayer- which of course isn't going to happen. Myrtle spurge hails from regions around the Mediterranean, and its presence in Utah has raised plenty of consternation. Skin contact may include sever blistering and burns, rashes, severe skin irritation and dermatitis. The flowers (cyathia) are borne in spring. Each blister that popped spread the rash worse. However, it is ILLEGAL to have it, so if it is in your yard, you are REQUIRED BY LAW to remove it. For the personal use of students, scholars and the public. The problem has become to frustrating that myrtle spurge is now classified as a noxious weed in Salt Lake County, which has joined the states of Colorado and Oregon in banning sale of the plant. a species known to be harmful and the cultivation of which is prohibited by law. Depending on where you live it is a wonderful garden plant or a horrible pest. Leafy spurge is a uniquely competitive invasive plant as it produces a compound that actively inhibits the growth of other plants nearby. ©2012-2020 Natural History Museum of Utah. Although now appearing, the State of Colorado would like to see this plant disappear. Impacts: Myrtle spurge is an escaped ornamental that quickly crowds out native plants. Their genus is both perennial and annual succulent. In order to gain control over a population it must be pulled over multiple years. Our mission is to illuminate the natural world and the place of humans within it. Caution must be taken not to get any of the sap on the skin or in the eyes. Two common names of this plant are Myrtle Spurge and Donkey Tail. Saturday, August 28, 2010 Myrtle Spurge May Cause Rash, Eye Pain. If contact does occur, rinse the area thoroughly. Salt Lake County landowners and land managers are legally responsible to contain, control, or eradicate the species on their property. Donkey-tail spurge or myrtle spurge is a study in perspectives. C.R.S. In addition to housing outstanding exhibits for the public, NHMU is a research museum. Learn more. Euphorbia myrsinites Spurge Family: Key identifying traits. Donkey Tail Spurge is also sometimes called Myrtle Spurge. Stems grow from a prostrate woody base. The entire plant contains white, milky latex that can irritate skin of livestock and humans, resulting in blisters and swelling. Credit: Riley Black. It was listed as a noxious weed in Salt Lake County, Utah in 2007, and since has been illegal for sale within the county. Be sure the wear gloves because as you have already experienced the sap can be toxic. Warning!! Identifying Myrtle Spurge. This is really an interesting plant. It produces small yellow flowers in the early spring. Invasive species myrtle spurge, otherwise known as “donkey tail,” produces a toxic, milky sap that causes blister-like burns and even temporary blindness if accidentally rubbed into the eyes. The best way to remove spurge from a small area is to hand pull the plant, trying to get as much root as possible. If contact does occur, rinse the area thoroughly. Native to: Eastern Europe and Western Asia Weed class: B The dipshit used a weed wacker on it and now there’s myrtle spurge shrapnel all over the road and our driveways. Myrtle spurge is also classified as a noxious weed in the U.S. state of Oregon, subject to quarantine. The plant contains dieterpene esters in its sap and can cause skin irritation on exposure to the skin or symptoms if eaten. For a time, it seemed like myrtle spurge was a solid choice for “water wise” gardens. Then cover the area. The plant's milky sap can cause significant skin and eye irritation and can be poisonous if ingested. Olympia WA 98504, P.O Box 42560 Where Are Pterosaurs on the Reptile Family Tree? 301 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108 Please click here to see a county level distribution map of myrtle spurge in Washington. We frantically plopped a bunch of baby native plants onto our mudslide-to-be. Myrtle spurge tends to take root in places that have already been disturbed by human activity. Euphorbia myrsinites is a perennial succulent species belonging to the plant family Euphorbiaceae. It is prevalent in southern England but can occur throughout Europe, North America and Australia. Invasive Myrtle Spurge was cleared from the slope. About two-thirds of them died in the summer heat. Stevens County NWCB Fact Sheet on myrtle spurge, Asotin County NWCB Fact Sheet on myrtle spurge, Lincoln County NWCB Fact Sheet on myrtle spurge, See our Written Findings for more information about myrtle spurge, Euphorbia myrsinites, Oregon noxious weed fact sheet on myrtle spurge, Euphorbia mysinites, Colorado Department of Agriculture myrtle spurge fact sheet, Myrtle spurge in the UW Herbarium image database, The Salt Lake Tribune newspaper article: How a ‘waterwise’ ornamental plant has taken over Wasatch foothills, Invasive.org information on myrtle spurge, 1111 Washington Street SE All parts of myrtle spurge contain a caustic latex sap that can result in skin irritation, redness, swelling, and blisters. Myrtle spurge is on the county's noxious weed list, and nurseries no longer may sell it, Fitch said. Variously called creeping spurge, donkey tail, myrtle spurge and other common names, Euphorbia myrsinites is an interesting succulent perennial in the family Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) native to rocky and grassy places of southeastern Europe and Asia Minor. But it’s not from anywhere near here. Small infestations can successfully be dug or pulled. Myrtle spurge is one of the more noxious weeds found in Northern Utah. Its root systems grow wide underground, meaning that pulling out plants at the surface may not be effective, and even then myrtle spurge emits a sap when injured that can blister human skin. It bears small flowers where the leaf joins the stem. The only treatment being cortizone cream and benedryl. Myrtle spurge is a perennial, herbaceous plant. Reach down on the stem as far as possible and pull and remove. Myrtle Spurge is not native to Colorado, but was brought here for ornamental planting. Myrtle spurge reproduces by seed. Blisters can cause long-term problems if they form in certain parts of the body or break open. It is known by other names such as the Mole Plant, Gopher Spurge and Myrtle Spurge. Caution must be taken not to get any of the sap on the skin or in the eyes. The plant is considered to have a relatively low level of toxicity. All parts of myrtle spurge contain a caustic latex sap that can result in skin irritation, redness, swelling, and blisters. Skin contact with sap causes redness, swelling and blisters. But myrtle spurge very quickly spread from the home gardens to hillsides along the Wasatch Front, quickly outgrowing and shouldering-out native plant species. All parts of myrtle spurge contain a caustic latex sap that can result in skin irritation, redness, swelling, and blisters. This broad-leaved glaucous-spurge is recognized as an invasive species or a noxious weed, so it’s banned in some US states. Myrtle Spurge I want to report the very bad reaction that Martha’s sister Jessie suffered from handling Myrtle Spurge. In Colorado, specifically, any landowner with myrtle spurge on his/her land is legally required to eradicate the plant, which can be a … Myrtle spurge is classified as a noxious weed in the U.S. and is subject to quarantine. It poses Noxious Weed Alert: Myrtle spurge is an escaped ornamental that quickly crowds out native plants. If sap contacts skin make sure to wash that area. It poses a danger to people because of its caustic, latex sap, which causes nausea, vomiting and diarrhea when ingested. Wear gloves and long sleeves to avoid contact with the sap, and get at least four inches of the taproot out of the ground, Fitch said. Myrtle spurge. It is rapidly invading the foothills along the Wasatch Front - and it may be in your yard. It has small seeds that can be projected from plant up to 15 feet. It is a violation of this Small choices can shape the world in unexpected ways, our day to day lives intertwined with the rest of nature. It escaped cultivation and is aggressive, crowding out native species. But looked at another way, the spread of myrtle spurge can lead us to critical questions about how humans are changing the habitats we live in and around. Year Listed: 2003 This in turn affects the organisms – from insects to birds and mammals – that have evolved in tandem with Utah’s plants. Intensive cultivation and the planting of competitive crops are useful methods for the control of myrtle spurge in fields. The plant is taking advantage of opportunities we created in the first place. From a gardening point of view, you see a structurally-interesting plant that is drought-tolerant and ignores poor soils. The plant contains diterpene esters which can cause symptoms if excessive quantities are eaten. Spurge poisoning: Spurge is a plant which has purplish discoloration along the stem and in a spot near the base of the leaves. Mrytle spurge is also incredibly difficult to remove. If contact does occur, rinse the area thoroughly. At the very least, the proliferation of myrtle spurge is a reminder that we should take great care in a matter as seemingly simple as what to plant in the front garden. Myrtle spurge is an escaped ornamental that inhabits open areas such as fields, rangelands, gardens, disrupted areas, roadsides and waste places. Please refer to the PNW Weed Management Handbook, or contact your county noxious weed coordinator. If you take a walk through the Salt Lake City neighborhoods and hills around our State Capitol, you may see well-groomed gardens boasting a scaly, almost reptilian-looking plant. Oval, blue-green, fleshy, succulent-like leaves are arranged in close spirals around the stems. Its root systems grow wide underground, meaning that pulling out plants at the surface may not be effective, and even then myrtle spurge emits a sap when injured that can blister human skin. As any roots grow back keep removing them until the spurge is gone. homes garden. Why are There so Many Wildfires Right now. Managing myrtle spurge weeds can allow native plants to survive and thrive. The Colorado Noxious Weed Act, §§ 35-5.5-101 – 119. Impacts: Myrtle spurge is an escaped ornamental that quickly crowds out native plants. On April 28, 2016, she spent about two hours removing it from some property in Oroville, Washington that had recently been vacated by her sister Ethel who moved to … The sap can cause blindness if it gets in people's eyes. It is a semi-succulent plant with prostrate branches and awl-shaped, blue leaves without a petiole approximately 2 cm long. Get any sap on the skin or symptoms if excessive quantities are eaten in perspectives to! 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